Data & Information on Homelessness

River Valleys CoC collects and shares data to evaluate progress toward ending homelessness, inform efforts to create new housing and services in the homeless response system, and to create an open atmosphere for generating solutions. Publicly available data is posted here per the CoC's Data Access and Release Policy. Special data requests can be made using the form at the bottom of this page. 

Point in Time Count

Point in Time Counts (PIT Counts) are conducted annually on one night in the last ten days of January, as required by HUD. The count provides a one-night snapshot of homelessness. Persons who are unsheltered and persons who are in temporary shelter are counted, and surveys are conducted when possible. The data is used to assist the CoC planning group as well as local, state, and federal agencies to allocate resources to end homelessness for individuals and families. The count should be considered a minimum, since many homeless people outside the shelter system are not found on the night of the study, especially people in rural areas and youth. 

Point in Time Count trend data and visualizations can also be found through the CoC's HMIS system Administrator website at and select "Rochester/Southeast Minnesota" or click on the map.

Housing Inventory Count

Each year, on the same night as the Point in Time Count, the CoC also conducts an inventory of all housing designated for people experiencing homelessness (HUD CoC requirement). The Housing Inventory Count (HIC) includes all emergency shelter, transitional housing, host homes for homeless youth, rapid rehousing programs, and permanent supportive housing in the region. Combined with the Point in Time Count, the Housing Inventory Count provides a snap shot of utilization and capacity within the region's homeless response system. 

HUD System Performance Measures Report

Each CoC submits a report on system-wide outcomes each year as part of HUD requirements. The System Performance Measures (SPMs) aggregate data from all housing and outreach programs in HMIS to measure participant outcomes achieved within the CoC region. Measures include overall length of time homeless, housing stability, income and employment, returns to homelessness, and exits to permanent housing. Each CoC is evaluated based on its ability to improve outcomes compared to the previous year. 

Longitudinal Systems Analysis

Aggregate data from all housing and outreach programs in HMIS are collected for HUD's Annual Homelessness Assessment Report to Congress. CoCs now report this data in a process called the Longitudinal Systems Analysis (LSA). 

Coordinated Entry System (CES) Report

Statewide and CoC level data from the Coordinated Entry System is available via a dashboard report created by the CoC's HMIS administrator. It provides an overview of the referrals, move-ins, and denials for housing that occur within the Coordinated Entry System. Other information on housing needs, referrals, and trends can be made available through a special data release (see below). 

Special report: Racial and Ethnic Inequities in the Experience of Homelessness

CoC members from Blue Earth County participated in a SPARC Learning Collaborative between 2019-2020. SPARC stands for Supporting Partnerships for Anti-Racist Communities. Reports include a description by race and ethnicity of total population, persons experiencing homeless, persons accessing serivces, and persons exiting from homeless programs.  

CoC Needs Assessment

The CoC regularly assesses needs across the region to identify emerging issues, evaluate progress toward goals, and set priorities for new resources and collective action. The most recent needs assessment summary is available for CoC members and partners to use in their planning.

  • 2021 DRAFT data summaries for CoC and FHPAP Neeeds Assessment 
    • DRAFT Needs Data Summary Report. Report on overall needs and resources by county, including the overall number of households likely eligible for assistance based on funding requirements and the number served in a 12 month period. 
    • Community Survey Results. Report on survey responses from community agency staff and people who experienced homelessess or received assistance to prevent it. 
      • Region 9 (Blue Earth, Brown, Faribault, LeSueur, Martin, Nicollet, Sibley, Waseca, and Watonwan counties
      • Region 10 (Dodge, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Houston, Mower, Olmsted, Rice, Steele, Wabasha, and Winona counties) 
  • 2018 CoC and FHPAP Joint Needs Assessment Report

Statewide Homeless Survey

Every three years, Wilder Research conducts a statewide study to better understand the prevalence, causes, circumstances, and effects of homelessness. The study includes face-to-face interviews with people throughout the state who meet the federal definition of homelessness, as well as a count of people who were homeless on a single Thursday in late October. Like the Point in Time Count, the numbers reflect people counted on the night of the study. Wilder Research also estimates total persons experiencing homelessness based on the one-night count interviews. 

    Special Data Requests

    The policy of the River Valleys Continuum of Care  is to make its data available to the public to an extent that facilitates informed community planning to prevent and end homelessness within the CoC region. In general, the CoC prioritizes release of standard sets of data for community use. Other requests for data will be assessed on a case by case basis and will be prioritized for release depending on the capacity of CoC staff and anticipated benefit from the release to the CoC, its members, and persons served. This form is a tool for requesting data beyond the standard data released by the CoC. 

    Because special data releases demand additional time from CoC staff, special data releases must provide value to the CoC, its members, and/or its partners in preventing and ending homelessness. As such, special data releases are prioritized based on the CoC Data Access and Release Policy. Per the policy, data releases may also be limited based on level of detail, geographic specificity, or time required to produce and deliver data. Please review the Data Access and Release policy and all data publicly posted on the CoC website before submitting a special request.